Background:

Delayed cerebral infarction (DCIn) following aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage (aSAH) is a major cause of morbi-mortality; yet, the causes for DCIn remain incompletely understood.


Objective:

We tested the hypothesis that acute hydrocephalus could be related to the occurrence of DCIn, independently of the occurrence and severity of vasospasm.


Methods:

Radiological and clinical data of patients treated at a single large volume Academic center for aSAH between 2017 and 2019 were retrospectively analyzed. DCIn was defined as imaging stigma of cerebral infarction visible on 6-week imaging follow-up after aSAH. Hydrocephalus was defined on baseline imaging as a relative bicaudate index above 1. Cerebral vasospasm was defined by reduction of artery diameter in comparison with initial diameter. We used uni- and multivariable models to test the associations between these variables, hydrocephalus and DCIn.


Results:

Of 164 included patients, vasospasm occurred in 58 patients (35.4%), and DCIn in 47 (28.7%). Acute hydrocephalus was present in 85 patients (51.8%) on baseline CT. No relation was found between acute hydrocephalus and delayed cerebral infarction in our multivariate analysis (adjusted OR: 1.20 95% CI [0.43-3.37]; p = 0.732). Only vasospasm occurrence was independently associated with DCIn (adjusted OR: 10.97 95% CI [4.60-26.01]).


Conclusion:

Our study did not show an association between acute hydrocephalus and DCIn after aSAH, after adjustment for the presence and severity of cerebral vasospasm.


Keywords:

Acute hydrocephalus; Aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage; Delayed cerebral infarction; Vasospasm.



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Acute hydrocephalus and delayed cerebral infarction after aneurysmal subarachnoid hemorrhage

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