doi: 10.1016/j.jsp.2022.09.001.

Epub 2022 Oct 7.


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Pilar Alamos et al.

J Sch Psychol.

2022 Dec.


In the present study, we examined bidirectional associations between two components of teachers’ burnout (personal accomplishment and emotional exhaustion) and classroom relational climate (closeness and conflict) across two time points within an Academic year. Participants included 330 elementary school teachers (third and fourth grade) and 5081 students in a large, urban city in the northeastern United States. Students were primarily Hispanic/Latino (66%) or Black/African American (22%), and most were from low-income households. Forty-seven percent of teachers were White, 25% Black, and 31% identified as Hispanic/Latino. Two modeling approaches were used for preliminary detection of bidirectional relations among burnout and classroom relational climate. First, a crossed-lagged panel model showed a clear pattern from earlier relational climate to later burnout; closeness and conflict at Time 1 predicted personal accomplishment at Time 2, and conflict at Time 1 predicted emotional exhaustion at Time 2. No evidence was found for earlier burnout predicting later relational climate. Second, a set of latent change score models indicated that increases in closeness from Time 1 to Time 2 were associated with decreases in emotional exhaustion across the Academic year. Together, findings provide preliminary evidence for associations from classroom relational climate to teacher burnout, but not the other way around. Implications of these findings for teachers and school psychologists are discussed.


Classroom relational climate; Elementary school classrooms; Teacher burnout; Teacher psychological wellbeing; Teacher-student relationships.