Purpose:

To analyze the prevalence and associations of facial canal dehiscence (FCD), dural exposure, and labyrinthine fistula in chronic otitis media (COM) with and without cholesteatoma.


Methods:

This was a retrospective study performed in an Academic medical center. Patients who received tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy for COM with and without cholesteatoma were included. The prevalence of FCD, dural exposure, and labyrinthine fistula in COM with and without cholesteatoma (mastoiditis) and their relationships were analyzed.


Results:

A total of 189 patients, including 107 (56.6%) females and 82 (43.4%) males, with 191 ears were included. There were 149 cases (78.0%) of cholesteatoma and 42 patients (22.0%) with mastoiditis. FCD was noted in 27.5% of patients with cholesteatoma and 9.5% of patients with mastoiditis. Dural exposure was found in 21 patients (14.1%) with cholesteatoma and 4 patients (9.5%) with mastoiditis. Eleven patients (7.4%) with cholesteatoma and 1 patient (2.4%) with mastoiditis had labyrinthine fistula. Patients with a labyrinthine fistula had nearly a fivefold greater chance (OR = 4.924, 95% CI = 1.355-17.896, p = 0.015) of having FCD than those without a fistula. There was a positive correlation between dural exposure and labyrinthine fistula (P = 0.011, Fisher’s exact test).


Conclusion:

FCD, dural exposure, and labyrinthine fistula are common complications in COM. These complications are more frequently observed in patients with cholesteatoma than in patients with mastoiditis. Surgeons should pay more attention to the treatment of COM.


Keywords:

Cholesteatoma; Chronic otitis media; Dural exposure; Facial canal dehiscence; Labyrinthine fistula; Mastoiditis.



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Facial canal dehiscence, dural exposure, and labyrinthine fistula in middle ear cholesteatoma and mastoiditis

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