. 2022 Aug;42(4):479-488.

doi: 10.1055/s-0042-1757927.

Epub 2022 Nov 2.


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Samantha L Irwin et al.

Semin Neurol.

2022 Aug.


Pediatric headache is a common condition with significant impact on quality of life and ability to function in Academic, social, and extracurricular activities. Most pediatric patients seen in primary care and neurology clinics with headache have primary headache disorders. Diagnosis is largely based on clinical history. Imaging is rarely needed in the absence of red flag features. Careful diagnosis is important to guide appropriate treatment. Treatment focuses on a biopsychosocial model integrating lifestyle, pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatment modalities. As few therapies are approved in the pediatric population, treatments are often used off-label based on evidence extrapolated from adult studies. Outcomes vary over time but are generally favorable when headache disorders are diagnosed promptly and managed in a multidisciplinary setting.

Conflict of interest statement

Disclosure The authors report no conflicts of interest in this work.