Background:

Despite the proliferation of literature focusing on resilience, a paucity of research has attempted a thorough and accurate examination of factors that contribute to resilience among nursing students.


Objectives:

To examine the mediating effect of self-directed learning in the relationship between caring and resilience in Chinese nursing students.


Design:

A cross-sectional design.


Settings:

Five universities in China.


Participants:

Undergraduate nursing students (N = 511).


Methods:

The Caring Ability Inventory, Self-Rating Scale of Self-Directed Learning, and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC) were administered. Socio-demographic and Academic data were collected from nursing students after obtaining their informed consent. A multiple linear regression analysis was performed to assess factors associated with resilience. A structural equation model with bootstrapping estimation was conducted to further explore the potential mediating role of self-directed learning in the relationship between caring and resilience.


Results:

The average score of CD-RISC for nursing students was 92.96 ± 14.85. Multiple linear regression analyses indicated that caring and self-directed learning were significantly positively associated with resilience. Self-directed learning (β = 0.327, 95% Confidence Interval [CI]: 0.049-6.667, p < 0.001) had a significant mediating effect on the relationship between caring and resilience in nursing students, explaining 67.1% of the total effect of caring on resilience.


Conclusions:

Interventions that enhance students’ self-directed learning have the potential to enhance resilience level. Innovative pedagogical approaches, strategic reinforcement, and nursing curriculum transformation are recommended to promote self-directed learning awareness and internalize self-directed learning skills.


Keywords:

Caring; Nursing students; Resilience; Self-directed learning.



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The mediating effect of self-directed learning in the relationship between caring and resilience among Chinese nursing students: A multi-center cross-sectional study

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